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Patient Information

Soft Tissue Sarcoma and Bone Cancer

Soft tissues and bones within the body serve to connect, support and surround body parts and organs. The soft tissues and bones of the body include blood vessels, bone and cartilage, fat, fibrous tissue, lymph vessels, muscles, nerves, tendons and tissues around joints. 

Soft tissue sarcomas and bone cancers may require a variety of treatments, and our team at WakeMed Hematology & Medical Oncology is committed to our patients' care every step of the way. We offer access to numerous specialists, a multidisciplinary team approach, immunotherapies, state-of-the-art and advanced treatment options and easy-to-access communications with our team of providers.

Diagnostics for Soft Tissue Sarcomas and Bone Cancers

As these cancers can be challenging to locate, a variety of diagnostics may be used to determine the location, size and grade of the cancer. 

  • Bone Scan
  • Computed Tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
  • Tissue biopsy
  • X-rays

Types of Soft Tissue Sarcomas and Bone Cancers

Soft Tissue Sarcomas

  • Angiosarcoma
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans
  • Epithelioid Sarcoma
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)
  • Kaposi's Sarcoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Liposarcoma
  • Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors
  • Myxofibrosarcoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Solitary Fibrous Tumor
  • Synovial Sarcoma
  • Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma

Bone Cancers

  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Chordoma
  • Ewing Tumor (also called Ewing Sarcoma)
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Giant Cell Tumor
  • High-Grade Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma (UPS)
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Osteosarcoma (also called Osteogenic Sarcoma and most common primary bone cancer)

Treatments for Soft Tissue Sarcomas and Bone Cancers

Soft tissue sarcoma and bone cancer treatments depend on the tumor grade and location. Treatments may include the following:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Radiofrequency Ablation
  • Surgery