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Patient Information

Endocrine tumors form in glands or in cells that produce hormones. These include your adrenal, parathyroid, pituitary and thyroid glands as well as the cells in your pancreas. Endocrine tumors except for thyroid are rare. Most instances occur when a primary tumor, localized to another part of the body, metastasizes into the endocrine system.

Our highly trained physicians and their care teams in WakeMed Hematology & Medical Oncology use the most advanced techology to create a blueprint of your endocrine malignancy, thereby offering the most targeted treatment protocol.

Diagnostics for Endocrine Malignancies

Following the determination of an endocrine malignancy, additional testing will be performed for staging.


  • Adrenal Vein Sampling 
  • Lab Tests
  • Medical History
  • PET/CT


  • Computated Tomography (CT) 
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Ultrasound

Types of Endocrine Malignancies

  • Adrenal Tumor
  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma
  • Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer
  • Carcinoid Tumor
  • Medullary Thyroid Cancer
  • Neuroendocrine Tumor
  • Parathyroid Tumor
  • Paraganglioma
  • Pituitary Tumor
  • Pheochromocytoma

Treatments for Endocrine Malignancies

If a patient requires treatment beyond surgical removal of the tumor, outpatient treatment may occur over the course of a few months. 

  • Chemotherapy
  • Cryoablation
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Radiation Treatment
  • Radioablation
  • Radioactive Iodine
  • Surgery