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Patient Information

Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancer

Gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies form in and around the GI tract and can be found in locations such as the appendix, colon, esophagus, rectum, anus, small intestine, gallbladder, pancreas and stomach.

At WakeMed Hematology & Medical Oncology, our commitment is to our patients. From our board-certified physicians and colorectal surgeons to the Advanced Gastrointestinal Center and our diagnostic imaging experts, we offer our patients specialized care needed to face GI cancer.

Diagnostics for GI Cancers

Diagnosing GI cancers may require one or more tests to determine the exact specifications of the malignant tumor.


  • Anoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Blood Tests
  • Capsule Endoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound with Biopsy
  • ERCP
  • Flexible Sigmoidoscopy 
  • Molecular testing
  • Upper GI Endoscopy or Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)


  • Computated Tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
  • X-Ray

Locations of GI Cancers

  • Anal
  • Bile Duct
  • Colon
  • Esophagus
  • Gallbladder
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Rectal
  • Small Intestine
  • Stomach

Treatments for GI Cancers

Treatments for GI cancer vary greatly and are individualized to the patient — based on the size, location and origination of the malignancy. 

  • Chemoradiation 
  • Chemotherapy (Neoadjuvant, Adjuvant and Perioperative) 
  • Immunotherapy 
  • Interventional Radiology assisted Chemoembolization
  • Radiation
  • Radioembolization
  • Targeted therapy 
  • Surgery