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Patient Information

Hematologic conditions are benign and malignant disease systems within the blood. Affected individuals may feel fatigued and weak as well as experience a high frequency of infections. They may also experience easy bruising or bleeding; persistent fever; early satiety; weight loss; and palpable lymph nodes in neck, armpit and groin.

The providers at WakeMed Hematology & Medical Oncology are among the most gifted and highly-trained, offering world-class, comprehensive hematological and oncological care — that is innovative and unique to the needs of each patient. 

Diagnostics for Hematologic Conditions

We offer both testing and imaging to discern the hematologic conditions affecting our patients. 


  • Aspiration/Biopsy
  • Blood Tests
  • Bone Marrow Tests
  • Physical Exam
  • Surgical Lymph Node Removal including Excisional Biopsy of Lymph Node


  • Computated Tomography (CT) scan
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
  • X-ray

Types of Hematologic Conditions

There are numerous benign and malignant hematologic conditions for which a patient could receive a diagnosis. 

Benign Hematologic Conditions

  • Cytopenias: Anemia (low hemoglobin), Leukopenia (low white blood cells) and Thrombocytopenia (low platelets)
  • Coagulopathies (Bleeding Disorders)
  • Hemophilia
  • Other Blood Disorders: Erythrocytosis or High Red Cell Count, Leukocytosis or High White Cell Count, Thrombocytosis on High Platelet Count
  • Pulmonary Embolism (PE)
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Thrombophilia or Clotting Disorders including Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) 


  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Hairy Cell Leukemia


  • AIDS-Related Lymphoma
  • Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma 
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Hodgkin Lymphoma During Pregnancy
  • Mycosis Fungoides
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma During Pregnancy
  • Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
  • Sézary Syndrome
  • T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous
  • Waldenström Macroglobulinemia (also Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma)


  • Anticoagulation
  • Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
  • Clotting Factor Replacement
  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
  • Myeloproliferative disorders
  • Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasm
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
  • Plasma cell dyscrasias

Treatments for Hematologic Conditions

We use a variety of innovative treatments based on the needs of each patient. Below is a list of our main treatments, and patients may need one or more to treat their condition.

  • Anticoagulation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Clotting Factor Replacement
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Targeted Therapy