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What is scoliosis, and what are its symptoms?
Scoliosis is the abnormal currative of the spine that results in an “S-shaped” configuration down the back. While many cases of scoliosis can be attributed to congenital conditions, degenerative spinal conditions, or spinal tumors, in most instances have no identifiable underlying cause.
For some people, scoliosis produces no symptoms, but, for others, the S-shaped curve could get worse, increasing both back and leg pain. If spinal stenosis or a tumor is also a factor, you could experience weakness.
How is it diagnosed and treated?
To reach a diagnosis, one of our orthopedists will discuss your pain history and perform a physical exam. Diagnostic scans, such as X-rays, myelograms, MRIs, or CT scans can identify the full degree of your spinal curvature. Annual X-rays can monitor any curve changes over time.
Using a brace has proven effective in some pediatric cases. If lower back and leg pain is present, physical therapy or epidural steroid injections can offer relief. But, if additional nerve problems appear or if the curvature progresses rapidly, surgery may be required.
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