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There are several types of hernias that can occur in the abdominal region. The three main types are hiatal (at the end of the esophagus), abdominal wall (ventral) and inguinal (groin).
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Hernias occur when surrounding muscles have weakened, resulting in a bulge (balloon-like sac) or tear. Sometimes, patients can live with the minor discomfort from a hernia, but in some cases, they require surgical repair due to the location. They can also become a true medical emergency if they become infected. Since hernias do not go away, surgery eventually is performed in most cases.
The good news is that WakeMed’s board-certified general surgeons have performed thousands of minimally invasive hernia repairs at our facilities, giving you the reassurance that you have the top experts performing your surgery.
The abdominal wall has points of weakness. This is where most hernias form. Some people are born with them, while others develop hernias due to straining on the abdominal wall from heavy lifting, coughing or bowel movements, aging, injury or a previous surgery. These stresses can cause the abdominal wall to weaken or separate.
Your surgeon will make three or four small incisions and insert a tiny camera through one incision to allow a magnified view of the hernia on a screen. This gives the surgeon a clear view of the entire surgical field. The other incision sites give the surgeon access to work inside the body and place surgical mesh over the hernia. The mesh is stapled, giving support the hernia site. The surgery is performed typically under general anesthesia.
This type of hernia occurs at the site of a previous surgery in the abdomen, including the belly button. Muscles around the incision weaken, causing the inner lining of the abdomen to push through this area to form a balloon-like sac. This sac can cause a portion of the intestines or other abdominal contents to become stuck in the sac. When that happens, surgery is required to repair the hernia.
The camera is inserted into the abdomen via a small port (incision). This gives the surgeon an ideal view of the hernia and surrounding region. By looking at the images on the screen, the surgeon will insert instruments through other small incision sites to remove scar tissue and place surgical mesh over the hernia to repair it and add support to the abdominal tissue. The mesh is held in place with special surgical tacks and sutures.
Learn about Hiatal Hernia (GERD - Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) Learn What to Expect from Hernia Repair
WakeMed has board-certified general surgeons on staff who perform minimally invasive, corrective procedures. Find the WakeMed general surgeon by clicking or calling WakeMed Doctor Choice at 919-350-8900.
3000 New Bern Ave.
Raleigh, NC 27610