Stroke Risk Assessment
Sometimes referred to as a “brain attack,” a stroke is a sudden interruption of blood flow to an area of the brain. This interruption causes brain cells to die and results in brain damage.
Did you know that 80% of strokes are preventable?
To lower your risk for a first stroke, follow these guidelines from the National Stroke Association:
- Know your blood pressure and work with your doctor to prevent or reduce high blood pressure.
- Find out if you have atrial fibrillation.
- If you smoke, take steps to quit.
- If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
- If you have diabetes, work with your doctor to find the right medication, and make lifestyle changes.
- Include exercise in the activities you enjoy in your daily routine.
- Find out if you have high cholesterol.
- Enjoy a lower sodium (salt), lower fat diet.
- Ask your doctor if you have circulation problems.
Learn to recognize the symptoms of stroke and act F.A.S.T.
Symptoms of Stroke:
- Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden difficulty seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
Use the acronym F.A.S.T. to remember:
F – FACE – Ask the person to smile. Does their face droop down on one side or look uneven?
A – ARM – Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S – SPEECH – Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase such as “the sky is blue.” Do the words sound strange or slurred?
T – TIME – Time is critical. If you notice any of the symptoms of stroke, call 911 immediately.
Stroke Risk Assessment Scorecard
140/90 & Higher
or Don't Know
120-139 / 80-89
Less then 120/80
||Greater than 240
or don’t know
|200 - 239
||Less than 200
||Trying to Quit
||Heartbeat not irregular
|Family history of stroke
||A score of 3 or more in this column means that you are at High Risk for having a stroke. See your doctor about stroke prevention right away.
||If your Caution number is 4 to 6, work with your doctor to decrease those risk factors you can change.
||If your Low Risk score is 6 to 8, congratulations! You're doing very well at controlling your risk for stroke!