Centers of Excellence
WakeMed PhysicianPractices Specialties
WakeMed PhysicianPractices Locations
Find a Service Location
Schedule an AppointmentCall 919-231-6132
The WakeMed PCI/CTO Program is aimed at helping patients who have chronic total occlusions, or complete blockages of the coronary arteries.
PCI/CTO Success Rate & Statistics
When you have a blockage or narrowing in a coronary artery (coronary artery disease), a procedure called Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), can open the artery or arteries so that blood can flow normally. Your cardiologist may also refer to the procedure as a coronary stent placement.
If you have a Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO) – a complete blockage that has occurred due to fatty build-up in the arteries that has hardened over time – your blood flow is severely diminished. This a more complex form of coronary artery disease, and it may result in a heart attack if left untreated.
Individuals with CTOs may experience the following symptoms:
At WakeMed, PCI/CTO is offered as a minimally invasive procedure using specialized devices to treat both narrowed and completely blocked arteries to restore normal blood flow.
Typically, patients check into the hospital the night before surgery. You will be given a sedating medication prior to the procedure. The cardiologist will utilize a narrow catheter either through your wrist or groin to access the affected artery.
Our board certified cardiologists utilize specialized wires and small balloons to open the blockage and make room for a stent. If there is a large amount of hardened and calcified plaque, your cardiologist may remove it using a small rotating tip to trim it away, called atherectomy.
The stent, a flexible mesh coil, props open the blockage and allows for normal blood flow to return into the artery. Over time, a thin scar tissue will form over the stent to hold it in place. Your cardiologist may use a drug-eluting stent that is coated in a medication that prevents too much scar tissue from growing and causing a blockage to reoccur. Your doctor will discuss which stent is best for you.
We will determine whether you are eligible to undergo a PCI/CTO procedure. This will include a careful review of your medical history as well as other cardiac assessments. At WakeMed, we work with your care team to ensure the safest and best cardiovascular treatment for you.
If you are scheduled to undergo PCI/CTO, we recommend the following:
Patients who undergo PCI/CTO will mostly likely go home the same or next day. You will not be allowed to drive yourself home, so please bring a designated driver. You will be able to resume driving and normal activities based on your cardiologist’s recommendations.
PCI/CTO ensures that your blood flow returns to normal. As a result, over the coming weeks, you will see improvement in your overall health, including:
For more information about PCI/CTO, or to see whether you would be a candidate for the procedure, schedule a consultation today. You may also be interested in learning more about Interventional Cardiology at WakeMed.
Schedule an Appointment
Search for a Cardiologist
Find a Location
Request an Appointment
Offering state-of-the-art cardiovascular care throughout Wake County
Request an Appointment
3000 New Bern Ave.
Raleigh, NC 27610