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Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

A third type of stroke event is the TIA. These are mini-strokes and are brief episodic stroke symptoms that typically last less than 24 hours. Generally, no permanent loss of ability is noticed after a TIA.

Here are typical symptoms of a TIA:

  • Sudden onset of numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden lack of coordination
  • Sudden onset of confusion or trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden onset of vision disturbance in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking or sudden dizziness
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

It’s important to monitor patients who have experienced TIAs. Fifteen percent of all stroke patients will have experienced a TIA prior to the stroke. Here is the risk of stroke after TIA:

  • 10% after seven days
  • 14% after 30 days
  • 18% after 90 days

After a minor stroke, the risk of recurrence is even greater:

  • 11.5% after 7 days
  • 15% after 30 days
  • 18.5% after 90 days

At WakeMed, we provide treatment and observation of patients suspected of having a TIA, including expedited diagnostic testing, risk factor identification and management, and patient and family education.

 

 

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  • Balance

    Is the person losing his/her coordination or balance?

  • Eyes

    Is the person having trouble seeing out of one or both eyes?

  • Face

    Does the face look uneven or drift down?

  • Arm

    Does one arm drift down?

  • Speech

    Does the person's speech sound strange?

  • Time

    If you observe any of these signs, it is time
    to call 9-1-1. 

The faster a stroke patient receives treatment, the better the chances of recovery.

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