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We live in what is known as the ‘stone belt’. That’s because there are increased risk factors for kidney stone formation. A lot of these kidney stone risk factors are lifestyle based. Making the necessary changes can help with preventing and reducing the frequency of kidney stones.
More than 80% of kidney stones are made of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. Some stones can be uric acid. People often have mixed stones, e.g. calcium and uric acid stones. There can also be a change in the type of stones that your body makes, converting from one type to the other.
Your food choices are dependent upon your lifestyle, work schedule, and other social, psychological, and emotional factors. Therefore, individual counseling is important to learn what to eat, how much to eat, when to eat, and how to balance your plate based on your medical history.
However, here are some general guidelines:
Learn more about water and kidney function.
Good sources of calcium include any of the following. Be sure to eat a variety of these.
Also try to avoid foods with preservatives – check for the words ‘sodium’ and ‘phos’ on the ingredient list.
The oxalate content of foods varies depending upon the soil where it was grown. Therefore, information found on the Internet and websites may not always be reliable.
This includes all animal sources, including:
The total recommendation for the day is no more than 4-6 ounces.
If you are overweight, it may be a good idea to work towards getting to a healthier weight. Avoid drastic weight loss diets, especially high protein low carb diets. Work with a registered dietitian to make lifestyle changes.
Other dietary modifications may be personalized based on your medical history.
Your nephrologist/nutritionist will guide you if you need to take calcium, Vitamin D, or other supplements.
Parul is a Clinical Dietitian in Outpatient Nutrition Services at WakeMed Cary Hospital, and she is also part of the Kidney Stone Center Prevention Team. For information related to diet and nutrition, or to speak to one of our licensed, registered dietitians, contact Outpatient Nutrition Services today.
For immediate assistance with kidney stone issues, call the WakeMed Kidney Stone Center on the Stone Phone: 919-350-ROCK (7625).
3000 New Bern Ave.
Raleigh, NC 27610