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Health Encyclopedia Aflatoxin 01/30/2009
Aflatoxins are toxins produced by a mold that grows in nuts, seeds, and legumes. Function: Although aflatoxins are known to cause cancer in animals, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allows them at low levels in nuts, seeds, and legumes because they are considered "unavoidable contaminants." The FDA believes occasionally eating small amounts of aflatoxin poses little risk over a lifetime. It is not practical to attempt to remove aflatoxin from food products in order to make them safer.
Health Encyclopedia Age-appropriate diet for children 08/02/2009
Diet - age appropriate Function: Food Sources: Side Effects: Recommendations: BIRTH TO 4 MONTHS OF AGE During the first 4 - 6 months of life, infants need only breast milk or formula to meet all their nutritional needs. If breastfeeding , a newborn may need to nurse 8 - 12 times per day (every 2 - 4 hours), or on demand.
Health Encyclopedia Alcohol and diet 05/02/2009
Liquor; Diet - alcohol Function: Alcohol has about 7 calories per gram. These are considered "empty" calories because alcohol contains no beneficial nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals. A 12-ounce beer contains about 150 calories.
Health Encyclopedia Balanced diet 06/10/2010
Well-balanced diet Function: A well-balanced diet provides enough energy and nutrition for optimal growth and development. Food Sources: Milk group (dairy products) Cheese: fat-free or reduced-fat (1%) Milk or buttermilk: fat-free (skim) or low-fat (1%) Yogurt: fat-free or low-fat, regular or frozen Meat and beans group Legumes (including beans, lentils, peas, and split peas) Meat (beef, pork, poultry with skin removed, game meats, fish, shellfish): select lean cuts; trim away visible fat; broil, roast, or poach Nuts and seeds (including almonds, hazelnuts, mixed nuts, peanuts, peanut butter, sunflower seeds, walnuts) Tofu, tempeh, and other soy-protein products Fruit group Apples, apricots, avocados, bananas, berries, dates, grapes, grapefruit, mangos, melons, oranges, peaches, pineapples, raisins and other unsweetened dried fruits, tangerines 100% fruit juice Vegetable group Broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, collard and other greens, cucumbers, green beans, kale, lettuces, potatoes, radishes, spinach, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes 100% vegetable juice Grain group (breads and cereals) Enriched, whole-grain breads, rolls, English muffins, bagels, cereals (hot and cold), and pasta Grits Rice Oil Light or low-fat salad dressing Low-fat mayonnaise Vegetable oil Side Effects: An unbalanced diet can cause problems with maintenance of: Body tissues Brain and nervous system function Growth and development It can also cause problems with bone and muscle systems.
Health Encyclopedia Breast milk - pumping and storing 07/26/2010
Pumping and storing breast milk can help provide a stay-at-home mom with the chance to have time for herself. Once she returns to work, keeping up her supply of breast milk can be more of a challenge. She will need to keep her milk supply by continuing to pump and collect breast milk for her child to use while she is at work. However, good planning, support, and the correct equipment can help a woman continue to breastfeed, even after returning to work outside the home.
Health Encyclopedia Breastfeeding 07/18/2010
Deciding to breastfeed is a decision only you can make. It deserves careful thought. Experts agree that breastfeeding your baby for any length of time, no matter how short it is, will provide rewards for both you and your baby. Breast milk is the natural food source for infants younger than 1 year. Breastfeeding goes smoothly for most people. For others, it may take time and practice. However, with help from nurses, breastfeeding experts, your doctor, or support groups, you can enjoy the benefits and rewards of breastfeeding.
Health Encyclopedia Breastfeeding - self-care 07/26/2010
Breast pump information; Nursing mothers - self-care Function: Food Sources: Side Effects: Recommendations: BREASTFEEDING DAILY FOOD GUIDE In general, breastfeeding women should eat a well-balanced, varied diet.
Health Encyclopedia Breastfeeding tips 07/26/2010
Breastfeeding positions Function: Proper nipple care, positioning, appropriate nursing frequency, and other measures can prevent many common breastfeeding problems . Food Sources: Side Effects: Recommendations: Most women's breasts have nipples that stick out (protrude) slightly at rest and become erect when stimulated, as with cold. During pregnancy, the nipple and the pigmented area around it (areola) thicken in preparation for breastfeeding .
Health Encyclopedia Caffeine in the diet 05/02/2009
Diet - caffeine Function: Caffeine is absorbed and distributed very quickly. After absorption, it passes into the brain. Caffeine does not accumulate in the bloodstream nor is it stored in the body. It is excreted in the urine many hours after it has been consumed.
Health Encyclopedia Calcium in diet 03/07/2009
Diet - calcium Function: Calcium is one of the most important minerals for the growth, maintenance, and reproduction of the human body. Calcium helps form and maintain healthy teeth and bones. Proper levels of calcium over a lifetime can help prevent osteoporosis .
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