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Angina - when you have chest pain

Signs and Symptoms of Angina

You may feel pressure, squeezing, burning, or tightness in your chest. You may also have pressure, squeezing, burning, or tightness in your arms, shoulders, neck, jaw, throat, or back.

Some patients (especially women, older people, and people with diabetes) may have different symptoms, such as shortness of breath, fatigue, weakness, and back, arm, or neck pain.

You may also have indigestion or be sick to your stomach. You may feel tired and be short of breath, sweaty, lightheaded, or weak.

Most times, people have angina when out in cold weather or during physical activity, such as climbing stairs, walking uphill, lifting something heavy, or having sex.

How to Treat Your Chest Pain

Sit, stay calm, and rest. Your symptoms will often go away soon after you stop activity.

  • If you are lying down, sit up in bed.
  • Try deep breathing to help with the stress or anxiety.

If you do not have nitroglycerin and your symptoms are not gone after resting for 5 minutes, call 911 right away.

Your doctor may have prescribed nitroglycerin tablets or spray for severe attacks. Sit or lie down when you use your nitroglycerin.

  • Nitroglycerin tablets: place the pill between your cheek and gum, or under your tongue. Allow it to dissolve. Do not swallow it.
  • Nitroglycerin spray: do not shake the container. Hold the container close to your open mouth. Spray the medicine onto or under your tongue. Do not inhale or swallow the medicine.

Wait 5 minutes after the first dose of nitroglycerin. If your symptoms are not better, are worse, or return after going away call 911 right away. (The operator who answers will give you further advice about what to do.)

(Note: your doctor may have given you different advice about taking nitroglycerin when you have chest pain or pressure.)

Do not smoke, eat, or drink for 5 to 10 minutes after taking nitroglycerin. If you do smoke, you should try to quit. Your doctor can help you.

Know Your Risk Factors

After your symptoms have gone away, write down a few details about the event. Keep a record of:

  • The time of day
  • What you were doing
  • How long the pain lasted
  • What it felt like
  • What you did to relieve it

Ask yourself some questions:

  • Did you take all of your regular heart medicines the correct way before you had symptoms of angina?
  • Were you more active than normal?
  • Did you just have a large meal?

Share this information with your doctor at your regular visits.

Try not to do activities that put a strain on your heart. Your doctor may prescribe a nitroglycerin medicine for you to take before an activity, to prevent symptoms.

When to Call the Doctor

Call 911 if your angina pain:

  • Is not better 5 minutes after taking nitroglycerin
  • Does not go away after 3 doses of nitroglycerin
  • Is getting worse
  • Returns after the nitroglycerin helped at first

Call your doctor if:

  • You are having angina symptoms more often.
  • You are having angina when you are sitting quietly or are not active. This is called rest angina.
  • You are feeling tired more often.
  • You are feeling faint or lightheaded.
  • Your heart is beating very slowly (less than 60 beats a minute) or very fast (more than 120 beats a minute), or it is not steady.
  • You are having trouble taking your heart medicines.
  • You have any other unusual symptoms.

References

Anderson JL, Adams CD, Antman EM, Bridges CR, Califf RM, Casey DE Jr, et al. ACC/AHA 2007 guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina/non-ST-Elevation myocardial infarction: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the 2002 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Unstable Angina/Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction) developed in collaboration with the American College of Emergency Physicians, the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons endorsed by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Aug 14;50(7):e1-e157.

Antman EM, Anbe DT, Armstrong PW, et al. ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Management of Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction. A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to Revise the 1999 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction). Circulation. 2004;110;e82-e293.

Kushner FG, Hand M, Smith SC Jr, King SB 3rd, Anderson JL, Antman EM, et al. 2009 Focused Updates: ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Management of Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (updating the 2004 Guideline and 2007 Focused Update) and ACC/AHA/SCAI Guidelines on Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (updating the 2005 Guideline and 2007 Focused Update): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2009 Dec 1;120(22):2271-306.


Review Date: 9/1/2010
Reviewed By: Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, Washington; and David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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