Cervical myelopathy – a dysfunction of the spinal cord – can be caused by degenerative arthritis, trauma, herniated discs, tumors, and inflammation. Symptoms include weakness, numbness, and tingling in extremities. Patients can also have difficulty walking and with fine motor control in their hands.
How is cervical myelopathy diagnosed and treated?
Your doctor will examine you for the typical myelopathy symptoms and will likely run a number of diagnostic imaging tests – magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), myelograms, and electromyography (EMG). A lumbar puncture – also known as a spinal tap – could be done if inflammation is suspected.
Myelopathy due to degenerative arthritis, trauma, or herniated discs will likely require surgical intervention. Tumor-related myelopathy will result in surgical excision or radiation therapy, anti-inflammatory medications can treat inflammation-induced cases.