Join the discussion about health care issues in our nation and community on our blog, WakeMed Voices.

Related Links

Share/Save/Bookmark
Decrease (-) Restore Default Increase (+)

Related Links

Claw foot

Definition

Claw foot is a deformity of the toes in which the toe joint nearest the foot is bent upward and the other toe joints are bent downward. The toe looks like a claw.

See also: Claw hand

Alternative Names

Claw toes

Considerations

Claw toes can be something that a child is born with (congenital) or can develop later in life because of other disorders (acquired). Claw toes may result from a problem with the nerves in the leg or from a spinal cord problem. Many cases have an unknown cause.

Claw toes are not usually dangerous, but they may be the first sign of a more serious disease of the nervous system.

Common Causes

Call your health care provider if

If you think you are developing claw toes, you should contact your health care provider for an evaluation.

What to expect at your health care provider's office

The health care provider will perform a physical examination, and check for muscle, nerve, and spine problems. The physical examination will probably include extra attention to the feet and hands.

You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms. Questions may include:

  • When did you first notice this?
  • Is it getting worse?
  • Does it affect both feet?
  • Do other symptoms occur at the same time?

Special shoes may be recommended to relieve pressure. The abnormal shape of the toe can cause increased pressure and calluses or ulcers on the affected toes. Claw toes can also be treated surgically.

References

Wang D. Claw toe. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2008:chap 78.

Review Date: 3/4/2009
Reviewed By: Linda Vorvick, MD, Family Physician, Seattle Site Coordinator, Lecturer, Pathophysiology, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
adam.com