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Amelogenesis imperfecta

Definition

Amelogenesis imperfecta is a tooth development disorder in which the teeth are covered with thin, abnormally formed enamel.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Amelogenesis imperfecta is passed down through families as a dominant trait. That means you only need to get the abnormal gene from one parent in order for you to get the disease.

Symptoms

The enamel of the tooth is soft and thin. The teeth appear yellow and are easily damaged. Both baby teeth and permanent teeth are affected.

See also: Abnormal tooth color

Signs and tests

A dentist can identify and diagnose the condition.

Treatment

The treatment depends on the severity of the problem. Full crowns will improve the appearance of the teeth and protect them from damage.

Expectations (prognosis)

Treatment is often successful in protecting the teeth.

Complications

The enamel is easily fractured and damaged, which affects the appearance of the teeth, especially if left untreated.

Calling your health care provider

Call your dentist if you have symptoms of this condition.


Review Date: 2/22/2010
Reviewed By: Jack D. Rosenberg, DDS, Advanced Dental Care, Palm Beach Gardens, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, M.D., MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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