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Hypomagnesemia

Definition

Hypomagnesemia means low levels of magnesium in the blood.

Alternative Names

Low blood magnesium; Magnesium - low

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Several conditions can cause hypomagnesemia, including:

  • Alcoholism
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • High blood calcium levels
  • Hyperaldosteronism
  • Malabsorption
  • Malnutrition
  • Use of certain medications including amphotericin, cisplatin, and diuretics
  • Excessive urination (polyuria)

References

Yu ASL. Disorders of magnesium and phosphorous. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 120.


Review Date: 8/3/2009
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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